The European Baccalaureate

The European Baccalaureate

What is the European Baccalaureate?

The European Baccalaureate – also known as the EB – is a widely accepted diploma, recognised by all the Member States of the European Union. The diploma is awarded to successful candidates by the Secretary-General of the European Schools on behalf of the Board of Governors and certifies the completion of secondary studies in a European School or in an Accredited European School.

European Baccalaureate diploma holders enjoy the same rights and benefits as other holders of secondary school-leaving certificates in their countries. According to Article 5 of the Convention Defining the Statute of the European Schools, Denmark and other EU members states have a legal obligation to ensure that EB holders ‘have the same right as nationals with equivalent qualifications to seek admission to any university in the territory of the Contracting Parties’.

What is special about the EB programme?

The European Baccalaureate programme comprises the two last years of secondary education (S6 and S7) in the European Schools and consists of a comprehensive multilingual curriculum. The academic standards and requirements of the EB are high. Students must always follow a combination of languages, humanities and scientific subjects with subjects taught through more than one language.  As the EB is a multilingual education, EB graduates are fully proficient in minimum two languages and have a good command of 1-2 additional foreign languages. See more information about subject packages here. 

Access to higher education/university in Denmark

The European Baccalaureate is recognised in Denmark on par with the Danish gymnasium/upper secondary school leaving qualification (Stx, Hfx, Hhx, Htx). When EB graduates apply for a Danish university, their EB grades are converted to the Danish marking scale based on a table of equivalence/conversion scale developed by the Ministry of Research.

EB students must take a minimum of 31 lessons and a maximum of 35 lessons, of which the compulsory subjects account for 19. .

EB students study their first language, at least one foreign language to a high level, history and geography in that foreign language, mathematics, at least one science subject, philosophy, physical education and religion. In addition, they must take a number of optional subjects, for example more natural sciences or languages. This in effect means that students have a lot of flexibility to decide a programme that reflects their particular interests and strengths.

In order to be accepted into a university course or field of study, it is usually a requirement that students have taken certain subjects at a certain level. Upper secondary students must therefore carefully consider their subject choices. If an EB student would like to take mathematics at a level corresponding to the Danish A-level, they should choose the Math 6-period option in Secondary 4 and 5 and the Math 5-period option in Secondary 6 and 7. Other EB students have Math at a level equivalent to the Danish B-level. If an EB student would like to take a science subject on the level corresponding to the Danish A-level, they should choose the subject as a 4-period option in Secondary 6 and 7. EB students who do not have a 4-period science course will obtain the level C in science and will finish the science course after Secondary 5.

Subject levels in the EB compared to the Danish gymnasium can be found under “Fagniveauer” in Eksamenshåndbogen.

Applicants must apply to Danish Universities before 15th March but can submit their final diploma up until 5th July, which is the same deadline for applicants with a leaving qualification from a Danish upper secondary school.

For more information, visit the website of the Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science.

Study guidance / careers advice

Students receive mandatory careers guidance sessions in S3, S4, S5 and S6. These sessions are aimed at helping students make the right subject choices for S6 and S7 and ensure they know what is required to pursue the post-secondary education of their choice. In S5, S6 and S7, study guidance is delivered in cooperation with an external counsellor from Studievalg København with a focus on guidance on admission to Danish and international universities.

Access to universities in other EU member states

You can read more about the equivalence tables and access requirements for higher education in other EU countries in this document.

Access to universities in other countries

The EB is also recognised by universities in countries outside the EU including e.g. the UK and Switzerland.

More information about the EB programme

To read more about the European Baccalaureate, please visit the website of the European Schools.

Last updated October 13, 2022